Multi-Substance Abuse

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Substance abuse
Classification and external resources

Comparison of the perceived harm for various psychoactive drugs from a poll among medical psychiatrists specialized in addiction treatment[1]
ICD10 F10.1-F19.1
ICD9 305
Diseases DB 3961
MeSH D019966

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. The term “drug abuse” does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in non-medical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. All of these definitions imply a negative judgment of the drug use in question (compare with the term responsible drug use for alternative views). Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcoholamphetaminesbarbituratesbenzodiazepines (particularly temazepamnimetazepamflunitrazepam), cocainemethaqualone, and opioids. Use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, both strongly depending on local jurisdiction.[2] Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories: public health definitions, mass communication and vernacular usage, medical definitions, and political and criminal justice definitions.

Substance abuse is a form of substance-related disorder.

Image: Simon Howden/freedigitalphotos.net

 

 

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