Conversion Disorder

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Conversion disorder
Classification and external resources
ICD10 F44
ICD9 300.11
DiseasesDB 1645
eMedicine emerge/112 med/1150
MeSH D003291

Conversion disorder is a condition in which patients present with neurological symptoms such as numbnessblindnessparalysis, or fits without a neurological cause. It is thought that these problems arise in response to difficulties in the patient’s life, and conversion is considered a psychiatric disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition (DSM-IV).[1] Formerly known as “hysteria“, the disorder has arguably been known for millennia, though it came to greatest prominence at the end of the 19th century, when the neurologists Jean-Martin Charcot and Sigmund Freud and psychiatrist Pierre Janet focused their studies on the subject. The term “conversion” has its origins in Freud’s doctrine that anxiety is “converted” into physical symptoms.[2] Though previously thought to have vanished from the west in the 20th century, some research has suggested it is as common as ever.[3]

The DSM-IV classifies conversion disorder as a somatoform disorder while the ICD-10 classifies it as a dissociative disorder.

 

 

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